10th Grade Curriculum

What 10th Graders Will Learn


Algebra II+: In this course, we will start at the beginning of signed numbers and quickly review all of the topics of Algebra I. These topics will be reviewed as we weave in more advanced concepts. We will also practice the skills that are necessary to apply the concepts. Some of these skills include completing the square, deriving the quadratic formula, simplification of radicals, and complex numbers.

We will continue the study of geometry and introduce trigonometry. The long- term practice of the fundamental concepts of algebra, geometry, and trigonometry will make these concepts familiar and will enable an in-depth understanding of their use in unlocking the doors of higher mathematics as well as chemistry, physics, engineering, and other mathematically-based disciplines.


Medieval, Renaissance, and Enlightenment Periods: Ideas and the prominent figures behind significant approaches to life and many of its institutions during these time periods will be studied and discussed. Connections to Western thought and contemporary theories will be discovered as students come to learn more about their own culture, society, and thinking.


Latin II: Students will continue to learn the basic elements of Latin grammar and forms as they build vocabulary. Mythology, culture, and art history are essential parts of the program. Students may also begin the study of Ancient Greek.


Chemistry: Students experience the wonder of chemistry with numerous physical and chemical reactions such as watching dry ice sublimate or the explosion of hydrogen gas. This promotes wonder and curiosity that leads to the intellectual energy to explore ionic and covalent bonding and the significance of the concept of electron configuration and valence. Critical thinking is experienced in many forms, such as putting together a Periodic Table the way that Mendeleev originally did. The chemistry course reviews atomic theory, which leads to the Periodic Table of Elements. We’ll appeal to the imagination by drawing atomic models and chemical bonds. We connect the practicality of algebra by learning how to create and balance chemical formulas and equations.


English II: As more advanced readers, students will explore the development of literary genres around the world. Classical Greek and Roman works, African folk tales, early Asian and North and Latin American writing, Indigenous works, and European and British pieces leading up to Shakespeare will allow students to explore the early development of literature globally. Deep reading will be used to foster more reflective writing. Students will be challenged to develop their own voice and produce works that contribute to the literary conversation. Publication of student writing and development of portfolio pieces will be stressed.


Each academic day, students participate in courses focused on one of the following important academic and life skills.


Students will learn about the history of public speaking, beginning with Greek and Roman traditions. Students will learn about and present notable historic speeches. The year culminates with an Oratory Contest.


Each year, students will rotate through Art, Music, Dance, and Drama, advancing in their skills and studies.

Study Skills

Students hone skills learned in earlier grades with applications to specific content areas. Students study logic and begin work on a resume and financial literacy. They learn prudent use of social media and their digital footprints. Life skills such as basic sewing, cooking, social etiquette, and laundry are introduced.


Students continue to learn about themselves and their place in the world. Students will develop leadership skills. They will begin discussing college plans and majors, as well as standardized test preparation. Interest inventories and personality tests will help students narrow their focus.